Business has been brisk this week for Oscar Chen, the fourth-generation owner of the Liang Xi Hao restaurant in central Taipei.
The tables at his restaurant in the Taiwanese capital are teeming with customers, waiters are busy with dishes of calamari soup and rice noodles, and conversations and laughter fill the air.
Chen considers himself lucky. Taiwan is allowing restaurants like his to remain open despite a wave of Covid infections – hitting more than 60,000 cases on Thursday alone – sweeping the island.
Things could have been so different. Until recently, the island had taken a zero-tolerance approach to the virus: Chen’s business was shut down for more than two months during the last major outbreak in May 2021, dealing a heavy blow to its employees – and his results – which left him “heartbroken”. .”
“We were lucky to have survived and made it through,” he said.
But since then, the Taiwanese government has deeply rethought. What was until recently one of the world’s last zero-Covid resisters has now changed his mindset to living with the virus – prompted by the realization that even contact tracing and quarantine regimes the toughest are no match for the highly transmissible variant of Omicron, as demonstrated by the chaos unfolding across the Taiwan Strait in China
For Chen, it’s a welcome change that has allowed his business to continue to be relatively unaffected by the outbreak. While he remains concerned about the virus, he thinks the best approach is to learn from other East Asian economies – like Singapore – that have successfully coped with similar mindset shifts.
“I think we have to overcome our fears and move forward carefully step by step,” he said.
The reopening of Taiwan contrasts sharply with Shanghai. There, in a desperate effort to cling to its zero-Covid ideals, China is resorting to ever-tighter measures in an attempt to curb an outbreak of Omicron that has infected hundreds of thousands of people.
Many areas of Shanghai, where a large Taiwanese community lives, have been confined for weeks.
Chaotic scenes of angry clashes between Shanghai residents and police trying to force people into self-quarantine have been widely covered by Taiwanese media, helping to sway public opinion on the island by offering a reminder pointed to the sacrifices required by zero-Covid policies.
It’s a contrast not lost on Chen, whose brother lives in Shanghai.
“It’s really hard for him. We don’t talk about it on the political front, but my brother has been in quarantine for 45 days without being able to leave his house. At least he can still order takeout – in some neighborhoods people can’t and they have to wait for the government to send supplies.
Taiwan’s reopening further isolates China as perhaps the world’s last major economy still following a zero-Covid policy. Even Hong Kong, which had long clung to the model in a bid to reopen its borders with mainland China, eased its restrictions after a recent surge caused by Omicron caused its per capita death rate to skyrocket to one. given time at the highest in Asia. .
This growing sense of isolation will likely only add to the backlash against the policy in Shanghai and other locked-down Chinese cities, where frustration is growing at what seems like an endless fight. Even as politics hold back the country’s economy, Chinese leader Xi Jinping has rejected any suggestion of easing, pledging to double down “without hesitation”.
Taiwan’s decision to reopen is driven in part by a desire to avoid exactly the kind of scenes unfolding in Shanghai – described to reporters last week by Taiwanese Prime Minister Su Tseng-chang as “cruel” and not a model for Taiwan to follow.
It also reflects the recognition that the dawn of the Omicron variant has left zero-Covid economies a choice: either double down like China on ever-tighter measures, or use the opportunity presented by high vaccination rates to to open.
Last month, President Tsai Ing-wen chose the latter, announcing that Taiwan would focus as much as possible on ensuring a normal life for its people, rather than the goal of zero infections.
Ironically, it was the freedom the island enjoyed during its long period of zero-Covid that made that choice inevitable, said Chen Chien-jen, who served as Taiwan’s vice president between 2016 and 2020.
“For the past two years, people have lived a very free life here – they lived normally and went to work normally. So we don’t like city shutdowns or mass testing, and we don’t think it’s helpful to control the spread of the virus,” Chen said.
Instead, said Chen, who is now an epidemiologist at Academia Sinica, the milder variant had presented an opportunity because it has “very high infectivity, but fairly low rates of severe cases and deaths” among vaccinated populations. To date, 18.8 million Taiwanese, or 79% of the population, are fully immunized with two shots, according to the University of Oxford’s Our World in Data project.
“(Taiwanese) have seen the lockdown situations in Shanghai, Zhengzhou, and Beijing, and we don’t see it as really necessary to use city lockdowns to contain the Omicron variant. It is very difficult, an impossible mission.
Chen said Taiwan should now focus on increasing Covid-19 recall coverage, as well as increasing distribution of antiviral drugs and rapid diagnostic kits to the community.
The government’s decision was popular. Most residents who spoke to CNN said they felt Taiwan’s new Covid-19 approach was preferable to the strict lockdown measures imposed in mainland China.
Jeff Huang, a Taipei resident who lived in mainland China for a few years, felt it was not possible to eradicate the virus.
“If we still had severe restrictions like on the (Chinese) mainland even after vaccination, it would be very painful and there would be no point in getting vaccinated,” he said.
But while Taiwan’s approach is partly driven by a desire to avoid a Shanghai-like fate, there are also optimists who wonder whether it could have an effect in the opposite direction – giving hope to Chinese cities locked down that there is indeed a way out of the zero-Covid corner.
Chen Chien-jen, who as vice president had led Taiwan’s first response to Covid-19, said many Taiwanese were initially skeptical about abandoning the elimination strategy because it had succeeded. for so long to maintain a low rate of community transmission.
Taiwan had previously only seen one major outbreak of Covid-19 – in May last year. This time he has banned in-person dining, closed entertainment venues and suspended schools to control the spread. It then managed to keep the number of cases at or near zero until March 15 this year.
But as the latest outbreak developed, Taiwanese realized that with a milder variant and high vaccination levels, the island could afford to live with it.
The rewards are clear to see. The quarantine for arrivals abroad has been reduced from 14 to seven days. Mandatory reading of QR codes before entering restaurants and shops has been removed. Close contacts of confirmed patients must now be quarantined for just three days.
There is also another advantage: no longer fighting a futile battle. As Chen said, “We can see that the zero-Covid policy can never achieve the goal of totally eliminating the virus in any country.”
Still, not everyone is convinced that Taiwan is quite ready to move on.
Since the beginning of May, as the number of cases has been rising, long queues have formed daily outside pharmacies in Taipei as residents jostle to buy rapid test kits. Many leave empty-handed despite hours of waiting.
The Department of Health has said those who do not show symptoms of Covid-19 must first test positive on a rapid test if they want to be eligible for a more accurate PCR test, which has not only increases demand.
The difficulty of buying the test kits has prompted some residents to complain about the authorities’ lack of preparation.
“It would have been better if the residents (prepared) before moving on to living with the virus,” said a mother named Hsueh, who has a 3-year-old boy. “Many families still do not have adequate access to rapid test kits.”
Other parents fear their children, who are still not eligible for vaccination in Taiwan, may be at risk.
“I feel like the government hasn’t considered children in their approach to living with the virus,” said another mother named Chang, whose two children are in kindergarten. “I’m worried…I’ve avoided taking my kids to indoor playgrounds and only take them to parks when it’s less crowded.”
“Right now there are changes in the rules every day or two,” Hsueh said. “It can be really confusing, and it’s better to have a plan.”